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2014; Vol .3 No.1 JANUARY-MARCH
ISSN 2319 – 4154


Rising feminisation among students of Kerala Medical Colleges

Rising feminisation among students of Kerala Medical Colleges

Praveenlal Kuttichira

Feminisation of medical profession is a global observation which was debated upon considerably. Many indicators of health and development in Kerala are favourable to women. However the extent of feminisation of medical profession in Kerala was not subjected to scientific scrutiny. A Study was conducted to find the extent of female representation in the medical colleges of Kerala and its trend in past decade. Details of applicants and selected students were gathered from the data base of Commissioner of entrance examinations.


Salivary proteomic biomarkers in the diagnosis of periodontal diseases

TP Padma Kumar, MS Deepa , K Nanda Kumar

The biochemical analysis of saliva is becoming indispensable in dentistry. Monitoring salivary bio markers for oral and systemic diseases could become an important complement to clinical examination. Current clinical diagnostic parameters that were introduced more than a century ago continue to function as the basic model for Periodontal diagnosis. Biomarkers , whether produced by normal healthy individuals or by individuals affected by specific systemic diseases are tell tale molecules that could be used to monitor health status, disease onset

Original Articles

  • Analysis of patients admitted with alcohol dependence syndrome in a tertiary care hospital in a calendar year
  • Nishanth J H, Harish M Tharayil, Praveenlal Kuttichira
  • Background: Alcohol use and related illnesses have become a major public health problem in the south Indian state of Kerala with rising sale reported every successive year.

  • Acquisition and retention of a complex task is ameliorated when learned in alternation with a simple task
  • Praveen Kottath Veetil and JK. Mukkadan
  • A novel alternated dual task (ADT) was designed to clarify whether increasing novelty and alternation factors in a task will increase or decrease the short term and long term memory in rats.

  • Clinical profile of acute undifferentiated febrile illness in patients admitted to a teaching hospital in Kerala
  • MA Andrews, Aleena Elizabeth, Praveenlal Kuttichira
  • In the last 5 years, Kerala witnessed fever epidemics during monsoon season resulting in severe physical, mental and financial strain to both individuals and society.

  • Awareness on infection control procedures among Dental students in a dental school in South Kerala
  • Benley George, Carel Brigi, Vinod Mathew Mulamoottil, Sunu Alice Cherian
  • Background: Dental care providers in particular are at an increased risk as they provide care working with sharp instruments at very high speeds and limited access in an environment that is bathed in saliva and, in many instances, blood.

  • Comparative evaluation of the apical seal of Resilontm with sealer, Guttapercha with resin sealer and Guttapercha with Zinc oxide eugenol sealer in permanent single rooted teeth– an in vitro study
  • Jyoti Sumi Issac, N. Venugopal Reddy, V. Arun Prasad Rao, Krishna Kumar
  • Objective: The era of endodontics has taken a new dimension with the advent of a synthetic, thermoplastic resin filling material, named Resilon.

  • Alterations in serum lipid profile patterns in patients with oral submucous fibrosis
  • Mayeesh Radhakrishna, Jose Joy Idiculla and Aiswarya CJ
  • Aim: Altered lipid profile patterns have been associated with pre-malignancies and malignancies because lipids play a vital role in the maintenance of cell integrity.

  • Clinical efficacy of minocycline microspheres (arestintm) in the treatment of localised periodontitis
  • N Raseena Beevi, Presanthila Janam, K Nanda Kumar, Bindu R Nayar, S Santhosh Kumar
  • More emphasis is given to non-surgical methods which include Scaling & root planning (SRP), the adjunctive use of medicaments, mouthwashes or patient administered irrigation systems with cannulas or syringes.

  • Knowledge, attitude, and practices about biomedical waste management among dental healthcare personnel in dental colleges in Kothamangalam: a cross-sectional study
  • Sanjeev R, Suneesh Kuruvilla, Subramaniam R, Prashant PS, Meera Gopalakrishnan
  • Background: Since the implementation of the biomedical Waste Management Rules 1998, every concerned health personnel is expected to have proper knowledge, practice and capacity to guide others for waste collection and management, and proper handling techniques.

  • Comparative evaluation of genotoxicity in tobacco users versus non tobacco users: a pilot study
  • Arun Jacob Thomas, Bindu J Nair, VinodMony
  • Background: Tobacco use continues to be prevalent in our society. It contains many substances which are genotoxic in nature. The genotoxicity of these substances can be studied in human peripheral blood lymphocytes by estimating the average number of micronuclei (MN) by cytokinesis block micronuclei assay (CBMN assay).

  • Effect of periodontal treatment on serum levels of cardiovascular disease predictor c - reactive protein in patients with chronic periodontitis
  • Fajar Ummar, Manoj Raja , Mathew Thomas , Rekha P Thankachan, Sameer KM
  • Recent evidences indicate that C-reactive protein (CRP) and CRP inducing cytokines may be involved indirectly as well as directly in the development of atherosclerosis and hence can be validated as CVD predictor.


Web resources in post genomic era

Gaurav Jerath and Vibin Ramakrishnan

The successful completion of 'Human Genome Project' (HGP) and its availability as an 'Open Source Resource' is arguably the most important advancement in the history of biotechnology and medicinal research in recent times. A number of databases have been reported in the last decade with different aspects of genomic data, including single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), gene expression, protein-protein interactions and more. In this mini-review, we attempt to provide a brief outline of the resources developed after the public domain appearance of the HGP.

Web resources in post genomic era

Forensic diatomology


Diatom frustules are examined routinely during autopsies of deaths due to drowning. Presence of same species of diatoms (in similar concentrations) as that of the putative drowning medium from the internal organs of drowning victims constitute a corroborative or even conclusive evidence to support the diagnosis of death. This paper highlights the relationship of diatoms with that of drowning victims and provides an overview as to the digestion techniques and microscopic examination of siliceous residues of diatoms. Role of diatoms in identification of a site of drowning has been emphasized with suitable case studies from literature.

Forensic diatomology

Diagnosing hemangioma and vascular malformations of head and neck

Antony George, Cheriyanthal Sisupalan Jayapalan, Ahammed Noufal

Understanding of vascular lesions or 'birthmarks' has been hampered by confusing erroneous terms employed to describe and classify these lesions. An analysis of various scientific articles and newer editions of medical text books revealed that significant confusion prevails among the medical and scientific fraternity over the usage of correct nosology for defining a vascular lesion. Hemangiomas are true benign neoplasms developing after few weeks of birth, characterized by endothelial cell proliferation, and they invariably undergo spontaneous involution by 9 years of age.

Diagnosing hemangioma and vascular malformations of head and neck

Case reports

Clinical evaluation of the active vertical corrector – in vivo study of 3 cases

Abraham Thomas, Faizal C Peedikayil, Keerthi Kiran, Raju Sunny and Sameer

In this article we describe the clinical evaluation in of Active Vertical Corrector (AVC), which is a removable or fixed orthodontic appliance that intrudes the posterior teeth by reciprocal forces. By the use of magnets for posterior intrusion of teeth, the mandible is allowed to rotate in upward and forward directions. The uniqueness of this appliance is that it corrects anterior open bite problems by reducing anterior facial height. This appliance treats the cause (over eruption of posterior teeth) and provides better facial balance and esthetics than most conventional orthodontic treatment procedures.

Clinical evaluation of the active vertical corrector – in vivo study of 3 cases

Clinical spectrum of cleidocranial dysplasia

N Jayakumar, S Mohan, R Vimalraj, Somil Chhag

Cleidocranial dysplasia is a rare autosomal dominant condition with generalised dysplasia of bone, characterized by delayed closure of cranial sutures, hypoplastic or aplastic clavicles, short stature, dental abnormalities and a variety of other skeletal abnormalities. We present a 24 year old male patient with classical features of cleidocranial dysplasia.

Clinical spectrum of cleidocranial dysplasia